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C-0757 - Comparison of CT findings between MDR-TB and XDR-TB

K. Yoon, H. Soohee; Changwon-si/KR Type: Scientific Exhibit
Area of Interests: Lung, Respiratory system, Thorax
Imaging Technique: CT
Procedures: Health policy and practice, Statistics, Radiobiology
Special Focuses: Infection, Inflammation, Acute
Please note: This poster is part of the session VoE 42 - Korean on Thursday, March 2, 13:00 - 14:00 Add poster to my schedule In your schedule (remove)

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Aims and objectives: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is defined as a disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains with resistance to at least isoniazid and rifampin. Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is a life-threatening infection that is resistant to any type of fluoroquinolone and at [...]

Methods and materials: 1. Patients The retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board of our medical institution, for which the requirement for informed consent was waived. From 2008 to March 2014, a computer search was performed to identify all patients with MDR- and XDR-TB who underwent chest CT sc[...]

Results: 1. Patients Demographics The mean age was not significantly different (p=0.875, Student-t test) between the MDR-TB group (mean age, 40.0 years; age range, 14-76) and the XDR-TB group (mean age, 44.4; age range, 21-65). Sex ratio was not significantly different between the two groups (p=0.752, Chi-Sq[...]

Conclusion: In conclusion, the cavity wall is thicker in XDR-TB patient than MDR-TB. This conclusion suggests that the cavity wall thickness reflects the resistance of anti-tuberculous drugs.

Personal information: Kiwoong Yoon, M.D. Department of Radiology, National Masan Tuberculosis Hospital, Masan, Korea; 848484love1@gmail.com SooHee Hwang, M.D Department of Thoracic Surgery, National Masan Tuberculosis Hospital, Masan, Korea; sooheewhang1@gmail.com

References: 1. Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB): recommendations for prevention and control. Wkly Epidemiol Rec 2006;81:430-432 2. Chung MJ, Lee KS, Koh WJ, Kim TS, Kang EY, Kim SM, et al. Drug-sensitive tuberculosis, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, and nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary d[...]

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