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C-2935 - Role of CT-virtopsy evaluation in detection of bone fractures or malformation, aiming at body recognition

S. Serraino1, E. Murmura1, A. Di Piazza1, C. Sortino1, A. Argo1, C. Cattaneo2, G. Lo Re1, R. Lagalla1; 1 Palermo/IT 2 Milan/IT Type: Scientific Exhibit
Area of Interests: Musculoskeletal bone, Trauma, Forensic / Necropsy studies
Imaging Technique: CT
Procedures: Experimental investigations, Computer Applications-3D, Computer Applications-Detection, diagnosis
Special Focuses: Forensics, Eating disorders, Trauma
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Aims and objectives: Questions asked to post-mortem imaging are several and very different. Regarding bones, an analysis of malformations and fractures to the skeleton could be useful in the victim's identification. The objectives of this study are to identify the extent of victims' identification using malformations an[...]

Methods and materials: From 9th to 19th July 2016, 149 body bags containing remains of migrants shipwrecked off the Lybian coast were submitted to CT scan using an 8-channel mobile CT scanner. All the images were reviewed by two independent radiologist through MPR and VR recostructions. The following parameters were asses[...]

Results: The majority of the examined bones did not show any fracture or malformation. Fractures mostly occurred in long bones, vertebrae and ribs. Regarding the time of fracture, most of them showed signs of peri-/post-mortem occurrence. Among pre-mortem fractures, few showed an already formed callus, as an[...]

Conclusion: Recognition of fractures after a mass disaster through post-mortem CT proved to be helpful for the subsequent autopsy and useful in the process of cadavers' identification.

Personal information: MD Salvatore Serraino - e-mail: salvatoreserraino@hotmail.it   MD Elena Murmura - e-mail: elenamurmura@hotmail.com   MD Ambra Di Piazza - e-mail: ambra_dipiazza@hotmail.it   MD. Cettina Sortino - e-mail: cettina.sortino@unipa.it   PhD.MD Antonina Argo - e[...]

References: C. Cattaneo, D. Porta, D. De Angelis, D. Gibelli, P. Poppa, M. Grandi, Unidentified bodies and human remains: an Italian glimpse through a European problem, Forensic Sci. Int. 195 (1–3) (2010), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2009.11. 008, 167.e1–6. Epub 2009 Dec 14. R. Ciaffi, D. Gibel[...]

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