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C-2136 - Computed tomography (CT) evaluation of the brain abnormalities found in children with microcephaly in association with Zika Virus, accompanied by Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira

A. Melo1, A. N. Hazin1, A. Melo1, V. Martins1, S. Cavalcanti1, P. Oliveira1, F. Nascimento1, B. Silva1, A. Neto2; 1 Recife/BR 2 João Pessoa/BR Type: Educational Exhibit
Area of Interests: Pediatric, Neuroradiology brain, Head and neck
Imaging Technique: CT
Procedures: Efficacy studies, Socio-economic issues, Statistics
Special Focuses: Outcomes, Epidemiology, Tropical diseases
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Learning objectives: - To demonstrate the head CT findings of 20 children with congenital microcephaly, accompanied by Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira, whose mothers had clinical and epidemiological period consistent with infection by Zika Virus which was confirmed by positive serology. TORCH [...]

Background: The alarming increase in congenital microcephaly in Brazil has been detected after an epidemic, especially in northeastern part of this country, started in May 2015 by Zika Virus, which is a flavivirus (family Flaviviridae) transmitted by the mosquito Aedes aegypti. This virus has been found in the [...]

Findings and procedure details: The cases presented in this study were selected from our institution's teaching files at an University Hospital (Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira - IMIP) and shows CT images of brain abnormalities found in twenty children with congenital microcephaly, whose mothers presente[...]

Conclusion: The increase in the number of cases of congenital microcephaly associated with zika virus makes this epidemic one of the most important topics to be studied today. Imaging methods, such as computed tomography of the brain, play a fundamental role in the recognition of the disease and in the evaluati[...]

Personal information: A. Melo, Department of Radiology, Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira, Rua dos Coelhos, 300, Boa Vista, Recife/PE, Brasil, CEP 50070-550.       A. N. Hazin, Department of Radiology, Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira, Rua dos Coelhos, 300[...]

References: 1. Calvet G, Aguiar RS, Melo AS, et al. Detection and sequencing of Zika virus from amniotic fluid of fetuses with microcephaly in Brazil: a case study. Lancet Infect Dis 2016;16(6):653–660.   2. Tovar-Mol F, et al. Imaging Zika Virus - Radiologic Assessment and Tracking in Prenatal Developmen[...]

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