The purpose of this paper is to: • illustrate the wide magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) spectrum of rather subtle brain abnormalities in patients with various types of hyperkinetic or hypokinetic movement disorders, • present potential pearls and pitfalls that can help to distinguish specific areas[...]
Primary (idiopathic) movement disorders are those with no detectable underlying cause like in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). Syndromes with findings other than pure movement disorder are describe as “plus syndromes” - progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), multiple system atrophy (MSA) and cor[...]
Findings and procedure details:
This pictorial essay reviews the radiological MRI findings in patients scanned at our center, demonstrating the most commonly encountered neurodegenerative movement disorders. Structural and functional imaging features seen on MRI, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, diffusion-weighted imaging and iro[...]
Detection of subtle signs on conventional MRI and introduction of the “next level” imaging technology not only increase the diagnosis of movement disorders, but also improve our understanding of the underlying mechanisms.
1. Carpenter MB, Sutin J. Human Neuroanatomy. 4th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins;1991:192–223. 2. Schwarz ST, Afzal M, Morgan PS, Bajaj N, Gowland PA, Auer DP. The 'swallow tail' appearance of the healthy nigrosome - a new accurate test of Parkinson's disease: a case-control and retro[...]